is a legal concept in the United States of America
, where a guardian and protector is appointed by a judge to manage the financial affairs and/or daily life of another due to physical or mental limitations, or old age. The conservator may be only of the “estate” (meaning financial affairs), but may be also of the “person,” when he/she takes charge of overseeing the daily activities, such as health care or living arrangements of the Conservatee
Conservatorship is established either by court order
(with regard to individuals) or via a statutory or regulatory authority (with regard to organizations). When referring to government control of private corporations such as Freddie Mac
or Fannie Mae
implies a more temporary control than does nationalization
. In other legal terms, a conservatorship may refer to the legal responsibilities over a person who is mentally ill
, including individuals who are psychotic
, incapacitated, or in some other way unable to make legal, medical or financial decisions on behalf of themselves.
Conservatorship is a legal term referring to the legal responsibilities of a conservator over the affairs of a person who has been deemed gravely disabled by the court and unable to meet his or her basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter. There are two types of conservatorships: Lanterman Petris-Short (Lanterman Petris Short act
of 1967, referred to as LPS) and Probate conservatorships. They are governed by the state’s individual laws. In California, they are governed by the California Probate Code, and Welfare and Institutions Codes. Some states or jurisdictions refer to it as a guardianship, or even a trustee, instead of a conservator.
Conservatorships are generally put in place for severely mentally ill individuals who are gravely disabled, elderly individuals with Dementia or Alzheimer’s Disease who lack mental capacity, or individuals with developmental disabilities who may or may not lack mental capacity. Mental capacity has to be determined by a medical physician or a psychiatrist experienced in the field and is documented and provided to the court as evidence.
A person under conservatorship is a “conservatee,” a term which can refer to an adult.